PortugalLast updated: June 14th, 2022


Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers:

Asylum seekers and their family members are entitled to healthcare provided by the National Health System. 

Access to healthcare encompasses medical care and medication and is available from the moment the asylum seeker applies for asylum. Asylum seekers have access to the SNS free of charge for emergency healthcare, including diagnosis and treatment, for primary healthcare and assistance with medicines. This will be provided by the health services of their residence area. They are entitled to healthcare until a final decision rejecting their asylum application unless additional care is required by the medical condition of the applicant. Asylum seekers detained at the border do not qualify for this. They can however cooperate with public entities and/or private non-profit organisations to ensure the provision of healthcare services.

Refugees: Have the right to medical assistance, medicines for basic health needs and for emergency and primary healthcare at the same level as Portuguese citizens.

Undocumented migrants: Have the right to receive healthcare for no or a moderate fee. Access involves an administrative procedure and is subject to a prerequisite involving the period of stay.

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free for all. Testing is anonymous and confidential. However, identification is generally asked for after a positive HIV result. Use the aidsmap European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV. 

Treatment: Free for insured people.

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