FinlandLast updated: January 16th, 2024


Healthcare rights of migrants

Asylum seekers: Reception centres are responsible for arranging healthcare services for asylum seekers. Their entitlement to reception services ceases if their application for asylum is rejected or their temporary protection ends. Minor asylum seekers are entitled to the same healthcare services as locals. Specifically, children under 7 years receive health and development screening at child health clinics and all children are vaccinated. Additionally, vulnerable people (elderly, pregnant women, patients with disability, long-term illnesses or traumatised people) receive all necessary health services.

Refugees: Refugees who have been granted a residence permit are covered by the Finnish health insurance and are granted a Kela card, which entitles them to receive Kela reimbursements for private health care, medication and travel costs. Once a place of residence has been granted, the refugee has the right to use all public healthcare services in the same manner as other Finnish residents and for the same client fee as local residents.

Undocumented migrants:  Can only access emergency care and are required to pay for it. 

HIV testing and treatment

Testing: Free in certain places. It is also anonymous for all.  Use the European test finder to see where you can get tested for HIV.

Treatment:  Free treatment for people living with HIV. Does not include undocumented migrants, unless in case of acute emergency cases, where they may access treatment within the public healthcare system. 

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